Knowledge generation

Within his missionary tasks, Terrasos has technical and specialized knowledge in various fields. In this sense, we support research, promote the dissemination of knowledge, and offer advisory services to all our clients. The main publications, reports and research material published by the team members and collaborators of Terrasos are:

Legal considerations on land tenure against emerging environmental markets in Colombia

Eduardo del Valle Mora, Mariana Sarmiento, Juan Pablo del Valle Mora, Ricardo Alexis López y Natalia Abello - FUNDEPÚBLICO - 2017.

This practical guide becomes an instrument of consultation around projects that involve properties that are subject to environmental transactions. In this way, it is intended to meet the growing demand caused by environmental markets, as well as overcome some of the difficulties that currently arise in the implementation of PES programs, environmental offsets and investments aimed at the conservation of water resources. This work is part of the project "Strengthening legal, financial and natural resource management structures for reciprocal agreements of ecosystem services", funded by the MacArthur Foundation and implemented by Fundepúblico, Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) and Fondo Acción.

Considerations emerging environmental markets in Colombia

Lucas Buitrago, Eduardo del Valle Mora, Padu Franco, Luisa Fernanda Lema, Ricardo Alexis López, Daniela Morales, Tatiana Núñez y Mariana Sarmiento - FUNDEPÚBLICO, WCS y FONDO ACCIÓN - 2017.

This publication takes up each of the problems associated with environmental markets, proposing the following solutions: i) Transparency and timeliness of information; ii) Accuracy in requirements or obligations; iii) Monitoring, verification and control; and iv) Creation of demand in voluntary schemes. Finally, as the closing of the analysis, it points out some transversal elements, whose failure is significant for the consolidation of the markets.

Diagnosis emerging environmental markets in Colombia

Lucas BuitragoAlexis López, Mariana Sarmiento - FUNDEPÚBLICO, WCS y FONDO ACCIÓN - 2016.


Environmental markets aim to generate economic alternatives that benefit communities, businesses and governments to conserve biodiversity, improve water quality, fix carbon, among other activities. This diagnosis helps to understand the magnitude and potential of these markets, in addition to allowing the identification of bottlenecks and opportunities related to the flow of private and public resources towards effective conservation. The study was based on the information provided and compiled with environmental authorities, control entities, private companies, research institutes, non-governmental organizations and specialists.

Operational Manual of the Meta Habitat Bank

Mariana Sarmiento, Eduardo del Valle, Alfredo Navas, Wayne White, Terry Anderson, Santiago Pinzón, Alexis López - TERRASOS SAS - 2016.

Terrasos developed the Operational Manual of the first Habitat Bank in the country. This research aims to spread a new way of making environmental offsets. Actions for the preservation, improvement or restoration of ecosystems are carried out at the Habitat Bank. It is located in the municipality of San Martín de los Llanos in the department of Meta, in the sub-basin of the Metica River. Its extension is approximately 1,500 hectares and includes Natural Forests and Savannahs of the Orinoquia. This project has been built with international and national experts. The international team has more than twenty years of experience in environmental offset schemes under pay-for-results modalities.

Towards Habitat Banks as an environmental offset strategy in Colombia

Mariana Sarmiento y Alexis López - FUNDEPÚBLICO, TERRASOS SAS, WCS - 2015.

Fundepúblico opened the discussion on habitat banks as a tool for environmental offset in Colombia. In other countries, habitat banks have been shown to make environmental offset more efficient to the extent that they establish restoration and conservation areas before the impacts are generated, speed up compliance with offset measures by generators of impacts and, at the same time, facilitates control and surveillance by environmental authorities.

Guidelines for the design of offset plan for biodiversity loss

Mariana Sarmiento, William Cardona, Ray Victurine, Alexis López, Andrea Carneiro, Padu Franco, Marcela Jiménez - WCS y FUNDEPÚBLICO - 2015.

The guidelines presented in this document are intended to improve the way in which environmental offsets in the country is being developed. This considering the requirements established by the Manual of Assignments for Loss of Biodiversity, as well as a series of international best practices. In this way, it is intended to generate a proposal of guidelines for the design of offset plans. Therefore, it is sought to provide feedback to the Manual, given that, according to the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADS), this instrument has a management cycle that allows the inclusion of additional developments to strengthen its implementation.

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